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September 21 1982: Resolution 36/67 unanimously passed by United Nations; Initiated by Ambassador Emilia Castro de Barish from Costa Rica

International Day of Peace is a worldwide event focused on education around issues of peace. These include:

  • Peacebuilding: Creation of a long-term culture of peace, rather than solving existing conflicts or preventing old ones from re-occuring
  • Education on the Impact of War on the Environment, Children, Food and Water, Women + Animals
  • Promotion of Ceasefire: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon states: “I call for a day of global ceasefire: A 24-hour respite from the fear and insecurity that plague so many places. I urge all countries and all combatants to honor a cessation of hostilities. I urge them to ponder the high price that we all pay because of conflict. I urge them to vigorously pursue ways to make this temporary ceasefire permanent.”

Excerpts from the United Nations Resolution 36/67:

The promotion of peace, both at an international and a national level, is among the main purposes of the United Nations […] Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defence of peace must be constructed, that a peace based exclusively upon the political and economic arrangements of Governments would not be a peace which could secure the unanimous, lasting and sincere support of the peoples of the world, and that the peace must therefore be founded, if it is not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind […]

It [is] appropriate to devote a specific time to concentrate the efforts of the United Nations and its Member States, as well as of the whole of mankind, to promoting the ideals of peace and to giving positive evidence of their commitment to peace in all viable ways, […] through the declaration and proper celebration of an international peace year and an international day of peace, it [is] possible to contribute to strengthening such ideals of peace and to alleviating the tensions and causes of conflict, both within and among nations and peoples […]

[The General Assembly] declares that the third Tuesday of September, the opening day of the regular session of the General Assembly, shall be officially dedicated and observed as the International Day of Peace and shall be devoted to commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace both within and among all nations and peoples; [and] invites all Member States, organs and organizations of the United Nations system, regional organizations, non-governmental organizations, peoples and individuals to commemorate in an appropriate manner the International Day of Peace, especially through all means of education, and to co-operate with the United Nations in the observance of that Day.